This document is the outcome of a group of experts brought together at the request of the French Society of Sleep Research and Medicine to provide recommendations for the management of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome type 1 (OSA1) in children. The recommendations are based on shared experience and published literature. OSA1 is suspected when several nighttime respiratory symptoms related to upperairway obstruction are identified on clinical history taking. A specialist otolaryngologist examination, including nasofibroscopy, is essential during diagnosis. A sleep study for OSA1 is not mandatory when at least two nighttime symptoms (including snoring) are noted. Therapeutic management must be individualized according to the location of the obstruction. Ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery is often required, as hypertrophy of the lymphoid tissues is the main cause of OSA1 in children. According to clinical findings, orthodontic treatment generally associated with specialized orofacial−myofunctional therapy might also be indicated. Whatever treatment is chosen, follow-up must be continous and multidisciplinary, in a network of trained specialists.

©2023 French Society of Pediatrics. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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